History of Volleyball, in 2020 the sport of Volleyball is 125 years old!
The sport originated in the United States in 1895 and is now one of the big five international sports.
The FIVB (The Federation Internationale De Volley-Ball) is the largest international sporting federation in the world with 220 affiliated national federations.
Over the last two decades, history of volleyball has witnessed unprecedented growth.
With the great success of world competitions such as;
- The FIVB World League
- The FIVB World Cup
- The FIVB World Grand Prix
- The FIVB Grand Champions Cup
- The FIVB World Championships
- The Olympic Games
Note further that all the number of participation at all levels continues to grow exponentially.
History of Volleyball – Who was William G. Morgan?
William G. Morgan (1870-1942), who was born in New York, has written down in history as the father of the game of volleyball.
After graduating, the young Morgan moved to the YMCA (Young Men’s Christian Association) at Holyoke (Massachusetts).
There he became the director of physical education.
In this new role, he had the opportunity to establish and develop a vast program of exercises and sports classes for male adults.
His classes grow in numbers because his leadership was enthusiastically accept.
After that, Morgan came to a conclusion that he needed a new type of competitive recreational game to in order to vary his program.
Basketball seemed to suit young people; therefore, it was necessary to find a less intense and less violent alternative for the older players.
In 1895, Morgan decided to mix elements of tennis, baseball, basketball, and handball to create a game which would require less physical contact than basketball.
Morgan borrowed the net from tennis and raised it to a height of about 6 feet 6 inches (1.98 meters) above the floor, just above the head of an average man.
At first they tried a basketball bladder, but it was too light and too slow. Later they tried the basketball itself, but it was too big and too heavy.
Finally, Morgan asked A.G. Spalding & Bros. to make a ball which was leather-covered with a rubber inner tube.
Its circumference was not more than 27 and not less than 25 inches (68.6 cm 63.5 cm, respectively), and its weight was not more than 12 and not less than 9 ounces (336 gram and 252 gram, respectively).
History of Volleyball – More about Mintonette!?
At first he named his brainchild mintonette.
During a demo game, someone remarked to Morgan that the players had to volley the ball forth and back over the net.
Perhaps the name “volleyball” was born in that way. On July 7, 1896 the first game of “volleyball” was played at Springfield College.
Nowadays, there are 800 million people worldwide playing volleyball at least once a week.
More than 46 million Americans play volleyball.